Do Not Let Children Die Because Of The Pneumonia

  • Pneumonia is a serious threat worldwide, every year there are about 1 million deaths of children under 5 years old1. In Vietnam, every day, there are 11 children who are under 5 years old died because of pneumonia2.
  • Vaccine that prevents pneumonia caused by pneumococcal bacteria is recommended in using for high risk group which is children3.
  • The Global Coalition against Child Pneumonia was established in 2009 to raise awareness   about the burden of pneumonia. Including more than 140 non-governmental organizations, civil society organizations, academic institutions, government agencies and foundations, the Coalition provides leadership for World Pneumonia Day, marked every year on November 12th 2.

HCMC, replying to the Global Coalition against Child Pneumonia, on Prevention day of Pneumonia (November 12th, 2016), the Vietnam Association of Preventive Medicine, in association with Representative Office of GSK Pte Ltd and Dr. Trương Hữu Khanh, Dean of neurology and infection department, Children 1 Hospital, organize a press conference of “Prevention of Pneumonia, Children protection”

The press conference aims to provide knowledge, improve understanding and also answer questions about pneumonia and pneumococcal bacteria - the leading factor causing pneumonia, as well as the negative effects of other diseases caused by pneumococcus; thereby to offer the precautionary methods, to give hands to the international community in order to prevent, repel the risk of infection by pneumococcal bacteria for children in Vietnam; it’s also necessary to state and emphasize the important role of vaccines against pneumococcus bacteria in mitigating the consequences of pneumonia and diseases caused by pneumococcal bacteria.

Pneumonia is the disease of the respiratory infection disease which is common in young children; there’re signs of pneumonia: coughing so much, coughing up phlegm, shortness of breath, rapid breathing, chest pain, muscle pain, fatigue, fever, chills, sweating ... which are pretty close to regular flu’s symptoms, easily making confuse or underestimate, ignore. Pneumonia can be caused by many different pathogen causes, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Pneumonia caused by bacteria and viruses is usually spread by fluids released from patients’ nose or mouth. Among these causes, the bacteria pneumococcus (Streptococcus pneumoniae) is the leading bacterial causing pneumonia in infants4.

Pneumococcal bacteria not only cause pneumonia but also serious diseases for children with a high mortality rate if they’re not treated in time: meningitis, bacteremia...

Pneumococcal meningitis - fatal disease in children under 1 year, estimated in 100,000 children, 10 children with meningitis caused by pneumococcal bacteria. Bacteremia caused by pneumococcal bacteria accounts for 12% - 16% of pneumococcal diseases caused by bacteria in children from 2 years old and below4.

According to Dr. Truong Huu Khanh, Dean of Infection and Neurology Department, Children 1 Hospital: "Pneumococcal are the bacteria that normally stay at adults’ and children’s throat. It is mostly spread through the air (coughing, sneezing) and through contact with sick people or healthy people carrying pneumococcal bacteria inside. Pneumonia caused by pneumococcus bacteria is extremely dangerous, with mortality rates of up to 10-20% in young children."

Before having preventive vaccine, diseases caused by Pneumococcus in general and Pneumonia in particular have heavy impact on the community: children diseases, prolonged pain, if more severe will lead to death; if luckily be treated, it still affects children's development; child caring would be prolonged, reducing productivity, losing time, money and emotional stress at the same time that no one wants to face.

More worryingly, pneumococcal bacteria grow its level of resistance to the antibiotics, causing difficulties in the treatment and creating pressure on the health sector and entire society as the antibiotic treatments are becoming less effective.

PhD. Nguyen Tran Hien, Chairman of the Vietnam Medical Prevention Association, said: "We need to push communication of complete methods to actively prevent pneumonia like exclusively breastfeeding children during the first months of life, taking them to get vaccinate pneumococcal vaccine to prevent pneumonia early as well as diseases caused by pneumococcus bacteria, not having more children die from infectious preventable diseases”.

Mr. James Strenner, GSK Pte Ltd Representative in HCMC, said: "One of the value of GSK is that we always put the patients first. Any patient wherever they live is getting pills, vaccine with the same quality. I look forward to helping individual people to understand the value of immunization in health care for themselves, for relatives, and especially for children. "

References

1, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs331/en/(access date: Oct 21, 2016)

2. http://www.unicef.org/vietnam/vi/media_19989.html (access date: Oct 21, 2016)

3. https://www.thoracic.org/patients/patient-resources/resources/top-pneumonia-facts.pdf(access date: Oct 21, 2016)

http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/pneumo.html (access date: Oct 21, 2016)

More information - On Worldwide Prevention of Pneumonia Day 12/11:

The Worldwide Prevention of Pneumonia Day was first launched in 2009 to raise awareness of the community for pneumonia, promotions and practical actions in order to protect, prevent and treat pneumonia. For more information please visit the website:www.worldpneumoniaday.org.

More information on GlaxoSmithKline (GSK):

GSK – one of the world’s leading research-based pharmaceutical and healthcare companies – is committed to improving the quality of human life by enabling people to do more, feel better and live longer.  For further information please visit vn.gsk.com.